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Victor Lapiy 10 k
Victor Lapiy, 1963. (1934-2003)
The multi-machine hydroacoustic complex "Zvezda" b uild on the base of the computer "Ataka"
The multi-machine hydroacoustic complex "Zvezda" build on the base of the computer "Ataka". This is a development of Scientific and Research Institute "Gidropribor". The general constructor of the complex O.M. Aleshchenko, the Deputy of the General constructor on development of the program and technical complex V.Yu. Lapiy. In 1985, the complex was taken in armament and passed on serial factory
V.Yu. Lapyi in 1958 - 1976 worked in the Scientific and Research Institute of Radio-electronics KNIIRE (now SPE "Kvant"). At the beginning, he directed by the Department of Computing Technique. Thereon, he was a general engineer of the institute. After that, he worked in the Scientific and Research Institute "Gidropribor" (city Kyiv). He was a prominent specialist on cipher processing of radiolocation signals.

"...In fall 1974, it was published the government resolution about the program "Zvezda", which ordered re-supply all the ships of Navy of USSR with new hydroacoustic complexes. The Research Institute of Hydroapparatuses (Director - Yuryi Vladimirovich Burau, Head engineer - Vladimir Ivanovich Kritsin) was appointed as the ruling organization for realization of this program. Oleg Mikhailovich Aleshchenko was appointed as The head constructor. This was the work of multilateral plans. It was necessary to develop for diverse classes of above-water ships (large, middle, little) a number of the combined multicanal cipher hydroacoustic complexes, which had the several tens of thousands of space and time entering canals for receiving of information. The preliminary evaluations showed that for this aim, it needed the computing systems with output of several millions of operations per second, and a volume of applied programming would equaled nearly million of commands. The developing of this program was complicated by necessity in large nomenclature of memory's equipments, diverse periphery (monitors, indicators of circumstances, self-recorders, sundry printers), and demands as to high reliability. The projects of such a complication were not performed in that time both in USSR and abroad.
Under management of Oleg M. Aleshchenko and Victor Yu. Lapyi over three years, it was built three potent computing complexes. Firstly in hydroacoustics, it was developed the way of the specialized parallel multicanal computing complexes.
In 1984, the works on the hydrolocator were completed. The entire complex occupied 200 of equipment's cupboards. It was prepared nearly million commands for providing of operation of the computer part (40 cupboards). The cost of this elaboration equaled 100 million rubles*. In 1985, the complex was taken in armament and passed on serial factory. The constructors of the complex were awarded by State Premium of USSR (Burau, Aleshchenko and others)."
*In 1980-ies, a ruble had purchasing power, which exceeded greatly a USD.
Oleg M.Aleshchenko on the desk of a ship equipped with "Zvezda" hydroacoustic system, watched by the french frigate "Rossiya" atomic ice-breaker. "Biryuza" system performance testing